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Dorset Family History Society
“MURDER, RESEARCH and FAMILY HISTORY”
Paul will present a number of historical murder investigations from the early part of the twentieth century. He will demonstrate how stories can be unravelled using primary source material found in local record offices, national records held by the National Archives in London, as well as using traditional family history sources.
Paul Stickler is a retired detective turned criminologist and historian, and explores some of the detail behind some of the most fascinating cases in criminal history. His experience in murder investigations, coupled with his passion for history, make his presentation absorbing, challenging, entertaining and informative. He is a member of the Crime Writers’ Association and has a book published regarding a bizarre murder investigation in 1919.
(Zoom sign-in from 7.15p.m. – If you haven’t attended one of these meetings before, contact “liaison” email or see the E newsletter or Journal for an invitation and joining instructions.)
Admission £3 per person by donation if you wish via the website. Thank you.
Kat Stickler Age & Bio
Kat Stickler birthday is on October 31, 1994. Kat Stickler age is currently 26 years and will be turning 27 the next year. He was born and raised in the United States of America. Kat Stickler Ethnicity is white while the religion that he follows is not known as of now. Kat Stickler’s Sun sign is Scorpio.
She Is blessed with black colored eyes and black colored hair. Kat Stickler Height is estimated at around 160cm while her weight is approximately 58 kgs. If the reports are to be believed she is currently married to her husband ever we have no solid information about her past relationships if any.
She believes in leading a private personal life and does not share any information and in the public domain and this is one of the main reasons Balak information about her parents and other stats. However, she is one of the upcoming video content creators in the nation along with some other creators like Caroline Girvan , Nathorix to name a few.
“War Hero or Murderer?” – Paul Stickler
Post lockdown, take a trip to the Hampshire Police Museum at the Solent Sky Museum in Southampton and ask to see Percy Toplis’ monocle. It should be there, but nothing is as it seems with the story of Percy Toplis, except perhaps that false news has been around a long time!
Retired Hampshire Police Commander Paul Stickler conducted a forensic examination of the life and crimes of Percy Toplis for 63 members of Wickham History Society on Tuesday 26th January. In 1985 the BBC serialised the ‘true life’ story of Percy who led a mutiny in 1917 against oppressive conditions at the British training camp at Etaples. There certainly was a mutiny, and a corporal was killed, but army records clearly show Percy Toplis wasn’t there.
The Percy Toplis Paul investigated does not come across as a heroic figure. Before the First World War, he already had convictions for larceny and sexual assault, and during the war he was frequently ‘absent without leave’. He did however come to national prominence in 1920 when he murdered Sidney Spicer near Bulford and then went on the run. In those days, suspect’s details, including photos, were included in the Police Gazette. The trail had gone cold until Percy was seen by a village constable in Cumbria: the PC waved him on but, when he recounted the meeting to his wife, she pointed out that his description fitted the photo in the Police Gazette.
The chase was now on, but only after the police persuaded a pub landlord to give them a lift. They were accompanied (unknown to his father) by the Chief Constable’s son on his motorbike. There was an exchange of fire and Toplis was killed instantly. The story was headline news, here and north of the border when it was realised it was Toplis who had also shot and injured a Scottish policeman and a gamekeeper. Paul showed us a much later newspaper story that suggested it was actually the Chief Constable’s son who had shot Toplis, something that would have been very awkward if proved. Finally if you go to Carlisle rather than Southampton don’t worry, you can also see the famous monocle on display at their museum too!
Craftsman Farms: 1917 to the present
Gustav Stickley and his family lived at Craftsman Farms until 1915, when he filed for bankruptcy after several years of financial difficulties. By then the taste of the American people that 15 years earlier had embraced the clean, strong lines of Craftsman furniture changed once again, this time towards the revival of early American and other styles. But Gustav Stickley made a lasting impression on American decorative arts.
In 1917, Major George and Sylvia Wurlitzer Farny purchased the property in the bankruptcy sale and their descendants lived on or owned the property until 1989. After Stickley left Craftsman Farms, the Farny family maintained the farm in Stickley’s tradition, adapting certain interior features for modern family life. In the intervening years they also sold some of the property, but maintained the core area. When the property was threatened with development for 52 town houses, the Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills obtained the property through eminent domain and formed a partnership with the Stickley Museum at Craftsman Farms, formerly The Craftsman Farms Foundation, Inc., which was entrusted with the preservation, interpretation and daily operation of the site.
Today, Craftsman Farms consists of 30 acres located in and owned by and located in the Township of Parsippany-Troy Hills. It was been designated a National Historic Landmark in 1989.
“Body Overboard – The Murder of an English Actress” – Paul Stickler
Retired chief superintendent Paul Stickler spoke to forty eight members and visitors about the sensational ‘Porthole Murder’.
Actress Eileen ‘Gay’ Gibson was pushed out of the porthole of the Durban Castle in the early morning of the 18th October 1947 by Deck Steward James Camb. The defence and prosecution both agreed on that, but little else.
Did Gay invite Camb into her cabin and have a seizure during a romantic episode, as he claimed, or was she assaulted and murdered by the steward? Why had Gay suddenly decided to return to England on this ship? Could an asthmatic attack have been the cause of her death with Camb panicking and bundling her body out of the porthole?
Paul took us through the police investigation that followed when the Durban Castle docked in Southampton, and the subsequent trial in the Great Hall at Winchester.
Despite there being no body and Camb’s protestation of innocence, the jury took only 45 minutes to reach their verdict – Guilty. The Wickham History Society jury was not so sure – perhaps it was accidental death or manslaughter?
Camb was sentenced to hang but at that time Parliament was debating a ‘no-hanging’ Bill. He was reprieved and jail for life. Released on licence in 1959, Camb changed his name by deed poll. Twelve years later, following convictions for sexual offences against schoolgirls, Camb returned to prison to continue his life sentence.
Paul brought the whole investigation alive with a wealth of detail – including crime scene photographs – and contemporary information.
There was a very lively exchange of theories from the audience at the end with most agreeing that Cambs was a ‘nasty piece of work’ – but was he a murderer?
1. Pull Over
You need to find a safe spot to pull over and give the car time to ‘reset’ on its own. You switch off the car engine completely and leave it at that for at least five minutes. Turning Off the car should allow the vehicle’s computer system to disable everything in the car. After 5 or so minutes, Power on the car as you would normally and try moving through the gears until you can get the highest gear shift. If you are successful, then it means that probably the vehicle’s internal computer has reset everything back to normal.
2. Turn the Ignition On and Off
Sometimes you may need to read the error code displayed on the dashboard by counting the flashes as they show up. To get it right, you must turn the ignition key to the ON position (do not start the car) 5 times after every 5 seconds to see the light on the dashboard so that you can read the error code. Check if the engine light will flash, all you have to do is to count the flashes. Each flash represents a two digit code, for example, a 2-3 code would read as flash flash , then pause after that you will have flash flash flash in consecutively followed by a long pause. You can interpret the flash codes and troubleshoot the problem.
3. Use of a Car Diagnostic Scanner
Each sensor in a car may produce coded error messages that can be interpreted by Car Diagnostic Scanner. Using the scanner is the easiest method of telling whether the car’s ignition system has failed or it was just system glitch that could correct itself. A diagnostic scanner will give the exact problem and probably the history of the transmission performance to pinpoint the exact problem.
You can also use this scanner to check for any errors in the boost deviation of the car which can be caused by a sudden stop made by the car pushing it into limp mode.
4. Disconnect the Battery
In some cases, your transmission may be affected by an unrelated error such a loose connection somewhere. Switch off the engine and open the bonnet. Disconnect the car battery and wait for 30 minutes before reconnecting. This is intended to reset the transmission memory. This will enable the cat to reset everything when the car is started.
5. Check the Automatic Transmission Fluid
Considered one of the common reasons behind the limp mode. If you have a leaking or low fluid problem in the engine, it means that there is inadequate lubrication taking place, this may stall your vehicle. To check the levels of this vital fluid park your car on a level surface after a short drive, lift up the hood of the car and read the level on the dipstick. If you have low levels, it may be a leak that needs to be fixed by topping up the fluid and later on patching the leaking pipe.
6. Check the Entire Clutch
Due to wear and tear the clutch linkages and cables may be out of alignment, or you may be using the wrong type of transmission fluid for your car. If this is the case, you may need to take your car to a qualified mechanic to check on the whole transmission system and make needed adjustments.
7. Other Possible Solutions
Leaking batteries may not be linked directly to failing transmission, this leakage could result in corrosion and rusting of the wiring system. This may cause disconnection problems that may end up giving your transmission sensors the fault code.
If you do not find any fault after resetting your car by turning it off or disconnecting the battery, then these two are the most likely culprits. This requires a thorough inspection of the entire car to eliminate future stalling.
Having a strut bar installed gives you a peace of mind and better feel in car handling. If you love speed, then you will see the need of having a strut bar installed. It is the simplest way to add rigidity and predictability of your car when driving.
It is a very tricky affair when it comes to installing strut bars you may not want to have a bar that has less stiffness than what your car chassis is made of. Ideally, many car chassis are made of steel, the best option to go for would be carbon fiber if you can afford or a steel strut bar.
Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel
Established: In the Department of the Navy by an act of May 13, 1942 (56 Stat. 276).
In the War Department:
In the Department of the Navy:
- Office of the Secretary of the Navy (personnel functions, 1798-1862)
- Board of Navy Commissioners (personnel functions, 1815-42)
- Office of Detail (1861-89)
- Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting (personnel functions, 1862-89)
- Bureau of Navigation (personnel functions, 1889-1942)
Functions: Exercises oversight responsibility for the Naval Military Personnel Command, Navy Recruiting Command, and Naval Civilian Personnel Center. Administers all personnel matters for the U.S. Navy.
Finding Aids: Virgil E. Baugh, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, PI 123 (1960) Lee D. Saegesser and Harry Schwartz, comps., "Supplement to Preliminary Inventory No. 123, Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel," NM 74 (Jan. 1967) supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.
Security-Classified Records: This record group may include material that is security-classified.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Naval Personnel in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
24.2 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF NAVAL PERSONNEL AND ITS PREDECESSORS
History: War Department, established by act of August 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 49), handled personnel functions for the U.S. Navy until a separate Department of the Navy was established by act of April 30, 1798 (1 Stat. 553). Personnel duties centralized in the immediate office of the Secretary of the Navy, 1798-1862, assisted by the Board of Navy Commissioners, established by act of February 7, 1815 (3 Stat. 202), and abolished by act of August 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579). Responsibility for detailing (assigning) officers delegated to Office of Detail, 1861 (SEE 24.4). Responsibility for enlisting and recruiting navy personnel assigned to Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, 1862 (SEE 24.5). Personnel functions of Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting transferred to Bureau of Navigation, 1889. Bureau of Navigation redesignated Bureau of Naval Personnel, 1942. SEE 24.1.
Textual Records: Letters sent to the President, Congressmen, and Executive departments, 1877-1911 the Secretary of the Navy, naval establishments, and officers, 1850-1911 commandants, 1862- 1911 and enlisted personnel and apprentices, 1864-1911. Letters sent concerning civilian personnel, 1903-9 and aviation, 1911- 12. General letters sent, 1885-96. Miscellaneous letters sent, 1862-1911. Letters received, 1862-89. General correspondence (6,043 ft.), 1889-1945, with record cards, 1903-25 subject cards, 1903-45 and history cards, 1925-42. Indexes and registers of letters sent and received, and of general correspondence, 1862-1903. Correspondence relating to vessels, personnel, and naval activities, 1885-1921.
Textual Records: Logs of U.S. naval ships and stations, 1801-1946 (72,500 vols., 8,060 ft.), and 1945-61 (12,000 vols., 6,980 ft.) with indexes and lists, 1801-1940. Microfilm copy of log of U.S.S. Constitution, 1813-15 (1 roll). Logs of the German merchant vessels Prinz Waldemar and Prinz Sigismund, 1903-14. Communication logs and signal record books, 1897-1922. Signal logs and codebooks, 1917-19. Operational and signal logs of U.S. Navy armed guard units aboard merchant vessels, 1943-45. Manuscript ("rough") log and night order book of the U.S.S. Missouri, 1944-45.
Microfilm Publications: M1030.
Finding Aids: Claudia Bradley, Michael Kurtz, Rebecca Livingston, Timothy Mulligan, Muriel Parseghian, Paul Vanderveer, and James Yale, comps., List of Logbooks of U.S. Navy Ships, Stations, and Miscellaneous Units, 1801-1947, SL 44 (1978).
24.2.3 Muster rolls
Textual Records: Muster rolls of ships, 1860-1900 and ships and stations, 1891-1900. Muster rolls of ships and shore establishments, 1898-1939. Civil War muster rolls, 1861, 1863. Microfilm copies of muster rolls of ships, stations, and other naval activities, 1939-71 (25,279 rolls), with indexes.
24.2.4 Records of units attached to the Bureau of Navigation
Textual Records: Letters sent by the Signal Office, 1869-86. Records of the Coast Signal Service, 1898, consisting of correspondence regarding the establishment of signal stations headquarters correspondence correspondence of district headquarters with signal stations letters sent and correspondence of the First District Office, Boston, MA (in Boston), Second District Office, New York, NY (in New York), Third District Office, Norfolk, VA (in Philadelphia), Fourth District Office, Charleston, SC (in Atlanta), Fifth District Office, Jacksonville, FL (in Atlanta), Sixth District Office, Pensacola, FL (in Atlanta), and Seventh District Office, New Orleans, LA (in Fort Worth) and vessel movement telegrams. Personnel jackets of applicants for and appointees to the Board of Visitors of the U.S. Naval Academy, 1910-13.
24.2.5 Other records
Textual Records: Annual reports of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, 1897-1904. Naval militia bills, 1909-10. Applications and registers of employees, 1861-1915. Records showing complements of ships and shore units, 1891-1913. Watch, quarter, and station billbooks, 1887-1911.
24.3 RECORDS RELATING TO NAVAL OFFICERS, ENLISTED MEN, AND APPRENTICES
24.3.1 Records relating to naval officers
Textual Records: Application, examination, and appointment records, 1838-1940. Commissions and warrants, 1844-1936. Orders and related records, 1883-1903. Identification, 1917-21, and age, 1862-63, certificates. Registers, rosters, and records showing complements, 1799-1909. Personnel jackets and other records, 1900-25, including a microfilm copy of index to officers' jackets (2 rolls). Service records, 1798-1924. Miscellaneous records, 1863-92.
Microfilm Publications: M330, T1102.
Photographs (5,483 images): Navy and Marine Corps commissioned and non-commissioned officers and their families, 1904-38 (P, PP, PA, PB, PC, PD). SEE ALSO 24.12.
24.3.2 Records relating to enlisted men
Textual Records: Records, 1885-1941, relating to enlisted men who served between 1842 and 1885 (340 ft.). Correspondence jackets for enlisted men, 1904-43. Microfilm copy of an index to rendezvous reports, muster rolls, and other personnel records, 1846-84 (67 rolls). Registers and lists of recruits, 1861-73. Enlistment returns, changes, and reports, 1846-1942. Continuous service certificates, 1865-99. Records concerning discharges and desertions, 1882-1920.
Microfilm Publications: T1098, T1099, T1100, T1101.
24.3.3 Records relating to naval apprentices
Textual Records: Certificates of consent for minors, 1838-67. "Apprentice papers," 1864-89. Journal of enlistments, U.S.S. Allegheny, 1865-68. General record of apprentices, U.S.S. Portsmouth, 1867-68. Records relating to apprentices and apprentice training methods, U.S.S. Sabine, 1864-68. Register of enlistments, 1864-75.
24.4 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF DETAIL
History: Established in Office of the Secretary of the Navy, March 1861, to handle assignment and detailing of officers. Placed under Bureau of Navigation, April 28, 1865. Reverted to Office of the Secretary by General Order 322, Department of the Navy, October 1, 1884. Restored to Bureau of Navigation by General Order 337, Department of the Navy, May 22, 1885. Absorbed by Bureau of Navigation and superseded by Division of Officers and Fleet (SEE 24.6.4) pursuant to Navy Department reorganization, effective June 30, 1889, by General Order 372, Department of the Navy, June 25, 1889.
Textual Records: Letters sent, 1865-90. Letters received, 1865- 86, with registers, 1865-90.
24.5 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF EQUIPMENT AND RECRUITING
1856-1928 (bulk 1862-89)
History: Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting established by an act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510), as one of three bureaus created to supersede the Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, one of the original Navy Department bureaus established by the act abolishing the Board of Navy Commissioners (5 Stat. 579), August 31, 1842. Initially responsible for recruiting and equipping officers, managing naval enlisted personnel and, after 1875, directing the apprentice training system. Acquired responsibility for supervision of the Naval Observatory, Nautical Almanac Office, Office of the Superintendent of Compasses, and Office of the Inspector of Electrical Appliances in an exchange of functions with the Bureau of Navigation (SEE 24.6) in the Navy Department reorganization of June 30, 1889, by General Order 372, Navy Department, June 25, 1889. Acquired Hydrographic Office from Bureau of Navigation by General Order 72, Department of the Navy, May 9, 1898, implementing an act of May 4, 1898 (30 Stat. 374). Redesignated Bureau of Equipment by the Naval Services Appropriation Act (26 Stat. 192), June 30, 1890. Functionally abolished by redistribution of responsibilities pursuant to an act of June 24, 1910 (36 Stat. 613), effective June 30, 1910. Formally abolished by act of June 30, 1914 (38 Stat. 408).
Textual Records: Letters sent to the Secretary of the Navy, 1862- 85 the Fourth Auditor of the Treasury, 1865-85 the Commissioner of Pensions, 1871-85 the Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy, 1865-83 and china, glass, and plated ware manufacturers, 1869-82. General letters sent, 1865-89. Letters sent to commanders of squadrons and naval forces, 1865-83 and commandants of navy yards and stations and other officers, 1862- 85. Letters received from the Secretary of the Navy, 1862-85 the Fourth Auditor and Second Comptroller of the Treasury, 1865-86 and the Commissioner of Pensions, 1882-85. Letters received from officers, 1862-85 and commandants of navy yards, 1862-85. Miscellaneous letters received, 1862-85, 1889-92. Indexes and registers of letters sent and received, 1862-90. Conduct reports and shipping articles, 1857-1910. Records of discharges and desertions, 1856-89. Continuous service certificates and records of merit awards, 1863-1928. Records relating to naval apprentices, 1880-86. Record of vessel complements, n.d.
Related Records: Records of the Bureau of Equipment in RG 19, Records of the Bureau of Ships.
24.6 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF NAVIGATION
History: Established in the reorganization of the Navy Department under authority of an act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510), as one of three bureaus created to supersede the Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, one of the original Navy Department bureaus established by the act abolishing the Board of Navy Commissioners (5 Stat. 579), August 31, 1842. Initially responsible for providing nautical charts and instruments and for supervising the Naval Observatory, Hydrographic Office, and Nautical Almanac Office. Acquired personnel responsibilities in an exchange of functions with the Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting (SEE 24.5) in the Navy Department reorganization of June 30, 1889, by General Order 372, Navy Department, June 25, 1889.
Assigned to newly established Division of Personnel in Navy Department reorganization pursuant to Changes in Navy Regulations No. 6, November 18, 1909. Restored to autonomous bureau status upon abolishment of Division of Personnel by Changes in Navy Regulations and Navy Instructions No. 1, April 25, 1913. Renamed Bureau of Naval Personnel, 1942. SEE 24.1.
Hydrographic Office formally transferred to Bureau of Equipment, successor to Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, by General Order 72, Department of the Navy, May 9, 1898, implementing an act of May 4, 1898 (30 Stat. 374). Hydrographic Office and Naval Observatory (which had absorbed the Nautical Almanac Office, 1894, and the Office of the Superintendent of Compasses, 1906) returned to Bureau of Navigation, July 1, 1910, pursuant to an act of June 24, 1910 (36 Stat. 613), dispersing the functions of the Bureau of Equipment (SEE 24.5). Transferred to Office of the Chief of Naval Operations by EO 9126, April 8, 1942.
24.6.1 Records of the Chaplains Division
History: Established 1917 to centralize administration of expanded force of navy chaplains.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1916-40. Biographical data about chaplains, 1804-1923. Miscellaneous records, 1898-1946.
Sound Recordings (1 item): "The Peacemakers," Memorial Day Navy Department broadcast on National Broadcasting Company, commemorating war dead of the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps, May 30, 1945.
Photographs (648 images): Of paintings and other graphic media relating to navy events, 1917-45 (FP, 64 images). Navy chaplains who served between 1799 and 1941, n.d. (PNC, NCP 572 images). Navy religious facilities, 1930-40 (NRF, 12 images). SEE ALSO 24.12.
24.6.2 Records of the Division of Naval Militia Affairs
History: Supervision of state naval militias vested in Assistant Secretary of War, 1891-1909. Transferred to Personnel Division, December 1, 1909, where Office of Naval Militia established, 1911. Functions assigned to Bureau of Navigation, 1912, where Division of Naval Militia Affairs established by General Order 93, Department of the Navy, April 12, 1914. State naval militias enrolled in National Naval Volunteers (NNV) during World War I. Federal laws respecting naval militias and NNV repealed, July 1, 1918, and Division of Naval Militia Affairs subsequently discontinued.
Textual Records: General records, 1891-1918. Index to correspondence, 1903-10. Letters sent, 1891-1911. Organization reports, 1913-15. Summaries of units' enrolled forces, 1915-16. Naval militia ratings' qualification certificates, July-December 1916. Allowance books, 1912-17.
24.6.3 Records of the Naval Reserve Division
Textual Records: Inspection reports of organized naval reserve units, 1st and 9th Naval Districts, 1928-40.
24.6.4 Records of the Division of Officers and Fleet
History: Successor in the Bureau of Navigation to the Office of Detail, 1889.
Textual Records: Letters received, 1887-90. Correspondence, 1891- 96. Registers of correspondence, 1891-96. Appointments of paymaster clerks, 1889-91 and acceptances of appointments, 1891- 98. Lists of naval and marine officers, and civilian officials at yards and stations, 1890-94.
24.6.5 Records of the Naval Academy Division
History: Bureau of Navigation, upon its establishment in 1862, assumed supervision of the U.S. Naval Academy from the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Responsibility delegated to Naval Academy Division, or Naval Academy Section, at an undetermined date.
Textual Records: General correspondence of the Academy Superintendent, 1851-58. Appointment letters, 1894-1940. Personnel files (jackets) of naval cadets, principally those who failed to graduate, 1862-1910. Registers of midshipmen, 1869-96.
Related Records: Records of the U.S. Naval Academy, RG 405.
24.6.6 Records of the Morale Division
History: Established as the Sixth Division by Bureau of Navigation Circular Letter 33-19, March 11, 1919, upon recommendation of the Navy Department Commission on Training Camp Activities, to maintain morale of naval personnel. Redesignated Morale Division, 1921. Transferred to the Training Division as the Welfare and Recreation Section, 1923.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1918-24. Correspondence of the Commission on Training Camp Activities, 1918-20. Correspondence with foreign stations, 1920 and relating to ports, 1918-20. Recreation expenditure reports, 1920-22.
24.6.7 Records of the Training Division
History: Established April 19, 1917, to administer training programs for enlisted men in World War I. Reduced to section status in Enlisted Personnel Division, 1919. Restored to division status, March 1, 1923.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1918-23. Administrative correspondence relating to training units, 1917-22. Records of the Welfare and Recreation Section, 1923-40. Morale reports, 1924-25. Reports on Naval Reserve training activities in Missouri (in Kansas City) and Indiana (in Chicago), 1923-25.
24.7 RECORDS OF OPERATING UNITS OF THE BUREAU OF NAVAL PERSONNEL
Textual Records: Regulations maintained in the Office of the Chief of Naval Personnel relating to women accepted for volunteer emergency service, 1942-45. Records of the Administrative and Management Division, consisting of Bureau general correspondence, 1946-60 Bureau secret general correspondence, 1957-60 Bureau confidential general correspondence, 1925-60 case files of Bureau of Personnel instructions, 1950-86 and the document collection of the Technical Library, 1900-85. World War II administrative history of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, prepared by the Planning and Control Activity, n.d. Records of the Personnel Diary Section, consisting of microfilm copies of muster rolls, 1948-59. Records of the Training Division, consisting of historical files of Navy training activities, 1940-45 program files relating to the V-12 program, 1942-48 program files relating to officer training, 1928-46 records relating to U.S. Naval Academy expansion, 1962-63 and program files relating to the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps, 1964-68. Records of the Assistant Chief of Naval personnel for Reserve and Naval District Affairs, consisting of Naval Reserve program files, 1946-56. General records of the Physical Fitness Section, 1942-46, and the Recreation Services Section, 1943-46, of the Special Services Division. Records of the Publicity and Advertising Section, Recruiting and Induction Division, relating to the navy recruiting program, 1940-45. Records of the Recruiting Division, consisting of issuances relating to recruiting, 1955-68. Records of the Corrections Division, consisting of program files relating to naval corrections policies and facilities, 1944-51. Records of the Policy Division, consisting of case files on changes to the Bureau of Personnel manual, 1948-68 administrative records, 1956-69 daily reports of enlisted personnel, 1914-46 summary periodic statistical reports on military personnel, 1943-71 and operating force plans for the US fleet, 1928-43. Records of the Plans Division, consisting of correspondence relating to mobilization and Naval Reserves planning, 1950-64 and chronological file, 1950-60. Records of the Navy Occupational Classification Systems Management Division, consisting of case files relating to Navy ratings, 1945-78 and board, committee, and other reports relating to Navy ratings and grades, 1945-78. Casualty Branch records relating to casualties, prisoners of war, awards, and administrative matters, 1917-53. Records of the Casualty Assistance Branch of the Personal Affairs Division, consisting of ships, stations, units, and incidents casualty information files, 1941-60 casualty notification case files for Korean War and post-Korean War era Navy POWs/MIAs, 1963-86 alphabetical listing of casualties, 1941-53 casualty lists for World War II battles ("Battle Books"), 1941-45 records relating to the sinking of the U.S.S. Indianapolis, 1945 and VIP and group funeral files, 1940-67. Records of the Decorations and Medals Branch of the Personal Affairs Division, consisting of correspondence relating to US Navy awards to members of armed forces of foreign nations, 1942-63 eligibility lists for service medals and engagement stars, 1942-61 case files for Navy unit commendations and presidential unit citations, 1903-53 case files of World War II awards by delegated authority, 1941-48 Bureau of Navigation file of Navy Department Board of Awards correspondence and recommendations, 1917-20 and decorations and awards records from the Bureau of Personnel central files, 1946-73. Records of the Chief of Navy Chaplains, consisting of correspondence with chaplains, 1941-59 and annual, activity, and trip reports, 1949-57. Records of the Inspector General, consisting of inspection reports of Bureau of Personnel activities, 1959-80. Records of boards and committees, consisting of records of the Navy and Marine Corps Policy Board on Personnel Retention, 1966-69 and records of naval aviator evaluation boards, 1970-80. General records of the Naval Research Personnel Board, 1944-45.
24.8 RECORDS OF FIELD ESTABLISHMENTS
1838-1970 (bulk 1838-1946)
24.8.1 Records of the U.S. Naval Home, Philadelphia, PA
Textual Records (in Philadelphia): Letters sent, 1838-1911. Letters received, 1845-1909. General correspondence, 1910-40. Regulations governing the Naval Home, 1900, 1916. Station logs, 1842-1942.
24.8.2 Records of the Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, PA
Textual Records (in Philadelphia): Letters sent and received, 1855-63. Journal of activities, 1870-71. Admission and discharge registers, 1867-1917.
24.8.3 Records of the Indoctrination School for Officers, Fort
Textual Records (in New York): General correspondence, 1941-46. Subject files, 1941-46. Muster cards, 1942-46.
24.8.4 Records of the Enlisted Naval Training School (Radio),
Bedford Springs, PA
Textual Records (in Philadelphia): General correspondence, 1942- 45. Subject files, 1942-45. Muster cards, 1942-44.
24.8.5 Records of the V-12 Unit, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
Textual Records (in Boston): General correspondence, 1942-46. Subject files, 1942-46.
24.8.6 Records of the Naval Midshipmen's School, Northwestern
University, Evanston, IL
Textual Records (in Chicago): General correspondence, 1941-45. Records of the supply officer, 1941-45.
24.8.7 Records of the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps, Yale
University, New Haven, CT
Textual Records (in Boston): Administrative files of the commanding officer, 1941-70 and the Professor of Naval Science and Tactics, 1926-38.
24.9 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
Maps: Manuscript maps showing American and Spanish naval operations in Cuban waters during the Spanish-American War, 1898 (4 items). Strategic charts of the Atlantic, Pacific, and world oceans, showing distances between major ports, 1912-13 (4 items). Published maps of the United States, showing naval administrative districts and headquarters, 1919, 1935 (2 items). Pictorial wall map of the South China Sea, showing naval battles (1941-42), Japanese invasion routes, and location of economic products of interest to Japan, such as oil, rubber, and tin, 1944 (1 item).
24.10 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
World War I naval operations and activities, including anti- submarine patrols, minelaying, convoy and escort duty, submarine maneuvers, and training ship launching and maintenance torpedo production and firing Liberty Loan promotions and patriotic celebrations Armistice celebrations captured German equipment U.S. and foreign political and military leaders foreign naval vessels President Woodrow Wilson's second inauguration the airship Los Angeles (ZRS-3) over New York and lighter-than-air craft rescuing fishermen, 1917-18 (44 reels). Naval activities after World War I, including aerial mapping techniques, rescue of Armenian refugees from Turkey, evacuation of personnel from grounded and burning ships, escort duty, and training, 1918-27 (57 reels).
24.11 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
24.12 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Photographs (483 images): Artwork on navy subjects, portraits of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and a bronze relief of George Washington at Valley Forge, 1917-45 (PNCP, 13 images). Designs for medals and awards, views of navy ships and personnel, Egyptian scenes, and portrait and statue of John Paul Jones, 1892-1935 (PM, 70 images). Ships, aircraft, recruiting posters, and navy personnel, including the members of the Naval Aeronautical Expedition (1917), 1917-19 (PNA, 400 images).
Photographic Prints (4,745 images): President Herbert Hoover and crews of U.S.S. Saratoga and U.S.S. Mississippi, 1930 (H, 1 image). U.S. Navy enlisted personnel who were commended or who died during World War I, reserve officers, and officers of U.S.S. Arethusa, 1915-19 (CD, RP, RPA 4,096 images). Aircraft NC-2 and crew following transatlantic flight, 1919 (GC, 5 images). Navy training camps and schools, ca. 1916-20 (PAN, TC 579 images). Spanish naval vessels and damage to ships during the Spanish- American War, 1895-98 (FS, 64 images).
Lantern Slides (78 images): Humorous views of navy life used by the Navy Recruiting Bureau, New York City, 1925 (RS).
Color Slides: ca. 1860-ca. 1985 Navy recruiting posters, 1985 (NP, 47 images).
Posters (167 images): Recruiting for service in the U.S. Coast Guard, WAVES, Seabees, and other navy units and programs, 1917-87 (bulk 1941-45, 1970-87) (DP, PO).
SEE Photographs UNDER 24.3.1 and 24.6.1.
24.13 MACHINE-READABLE RECORDS (GENERAL)
Navy Military Personnel Command officers master file, FY 1990 (1 data set) officer history file, FY 1991-92 (2 data sets) and officer attrition file, ca. 1977-92 (2 data sets).
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.
#Bookreview THE MURDER THAT DEFEATED WHITECHAPEL’S SHERLOCK HOLMES: AT MRS RIDGLEY’S CORNER by Paul Stickler (@paul_stickler) (@penswordbooks) #Truecrime
I bring you another non-fiction book that brings to life what a real murder investigation was like in Britain in the early XX century.
The Murder that Defeated Whitechapel’s Sherlock Holmes: At Mrs Ridgley’s Corner by Paul Stickler. A fascinating true police-procedural account from the early XXc
In 1919, when a shopkeeper and her dog were found dead in Hitchin, Hertfordshire with brutal head injuries, there followed an extraordinary catalogue of events and a local police investigation which concluded that both had died as a result of a tragic accident. A second investigation by Scotland Yard led to the arrest of an Irish war veteran, but the outcome was far from conclusive.
Written from the perspective of the main characters involved and drawing on original and newly-discovered material, this book exposes the frailties of county policing just after the First World War and how it led to fundamental changes in methods of murder investigations.
Offering a unique balance of story-telling and analysis, the book raises a number of unanswered questions. These are dealt with in the final chapter by the author’s commentary drawing upon his expertise.
About the author:
Paul Stickler joined Hampshire Constabulary in 1978 and spent the majority of his time in CID. He spent many years involved in murder investigations and was seconded to the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia to study international perspectives of crime investigation. Since his retirement in 2008 he has combined his professional knowledge with his passion for history, researching murders in the first half of the twentieth century. He spends his days delivering lectures to a wide range of audiences. More can be found out about him on his website: www.historicalmurders.com
Although the above is the official information included in the book, I could not resist but copy the profile from his website.
A retired detective, Paul Stickler has turned criminologist and crime historian and explores the detail behind some of the most fascinating cases in criminal history. His experience in murder investigations coupled with his passion for history make his presentations absorbing, challenging, entertaining and informative. He has recently published his first book about a bizarre murder investigation in Hertfordshire just after the First World War. He is a member of the Crime Writers’ Association.
Paul has featured in a number of television and radio programmes about his career and his research into early twentieth-century murders.
He studied history with the Open University obtaining a Bachelor’s degree (1997), graduated from the FBI academy in Quantico, Virginia with a post-graduate diploma in Law Enforcement (1997) and read criminology at Solent University for his Master’s degree (2013) specialising in the research of historical crime. He is a Visiting Fellow of Solent University and his hobbies include gliding, high altitude walking and playing guitar (badly) and piano (even worse).
Oh, and the website is fascinating, to people interested in true crime and also those authors or scholars researching the topic. I recommend it.
Thanks to Alex, Rosie and the whole team at Pen & Sword for providing me a paperback copy of this book that I freely chose to review.
I was fascinated by this book and by the way it is told. The case itself cannot compare to some of the sophisticated cases we read about in mysteries and thrillers, complex and full of twist and turns. A shopkeeper, widowed, that lived with her dog, and sold a bit of everything, appeared murdered on a Monday morning, next to the body of her dog. There was blood everywhere, she’d evidently been hit on the head, possibly with a weight that was found close to the body, and there was money missing. People had been at her shop on Saturday evening and one of her neighbours had heard some strange noises in the early hours of Sunday, but that was it. This was 1919, and, of course, forensics were not as advanced as they are now, but there was an investigation of sorts, although, surprisingly, in the first instance the local police decided it had been an accident. When the new police chief revised the case, he was not so convinced, and called on Scotland Yard for assistance. They sent Detective Chief P. S. Wensley, who had been involved (although only marginally) in the investigation of the Jack the Ripper murders and would become pretty well-known for the Houndsditch murders and the siege of Sidney Street. Unfortunately, two weeks had passed since the original crime he was sent to investigate, the body had been buried, and the evidence had not been well-looked after, but still… He and his team investigated and put together a case against an Irish immigrant who’d fought the war. And, well, the rest is history (and you’ll have to read it yourselves).
Despite, or perhaps because, of the somewhat ‘simple’ murder, the book is a fascinating read. The author —evidently familiar with current crime investigation techniques— explains his reasons for choosing to tell this story, to recover the case of a fairly anonymous woman, and to do it in this particular way, pointing out that he did not intend to set off on a ‘cold-case’ type of investigation. In his own words:
That is the beautiful thing about history trying to show exactly what happened using original material and putting it in a contemporary social setting so that the reader can better understand and make sense of it all. I hope that the narrative has not only thrown light on policing in the early part of the century but portrayed it as a piece of history and not as retrospective critique. (Stickler, 2018, p. 145)
In my opinion, he succeeds. Stickler’s method, which consists in looking over the shoulder of the people who were investigating the murder and those who participated in the court case, showing us what they would have seen, and guessing at what they might have thought, while at the same time providing us historical background, so we are able to understand how the police force worked, and what the atmosphere was like in the country shortly after WWI, works very well. As we read the book we can’t help but think about what we would have done, worry about their mistakes, and wonder about the missing details and the conflicting witness statements and evidence. We learn about the social make-up of the town, the relationships between the different communities, the way the police force worked at the time, and we gain a good understanding of the legal issues as well, without having to read long and dry historical treatises. The writer has done a great deal of research and his skill as a writer is evidenced in the way he seamlessly creates an involving narrative that never calls undue attention to it. For the sake of completion, the author includes a commentary at the end, where he provides a postscript, as it were, with information about what happened to the protagonists, and also with his own speculations (that he had kept to himself until then) as to why things happened as they did.
I recommend this book to people who are interested in true crime, especially in Britain, Criminology and Criminal Justice System students, readers who enjoy historical police procedural novels, and also writers of the genre interested in researching the topic (the bibliography and the author notes will be of great help, and there are also pictures from the time provide a fuller understanding of the story). And, as I said, I also recommend checking the author’s blog to anybody interested in the topic.
A great book and a fabulous resource.
Stickler, P. (2018). The murder that defeated Whitechapel’s Sherlock Holmes: At Mrs Ridgley’s corner. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword.
Thanks to Alex and the author for the book, thanks to all of you for reading, and remember to like, share, comment, click, review, and always keep smiling.