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Santa Clara University


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Santa Clara University - California's oldest institution of higher learning - is located in the heart of California's Silicon Valley, in the city of Santa Clara.It is the only college in the state to be the successor of a Spanish mission. It offers a rigorous undergraduate curriculum in the arts and sciences, business, and engineering, as well as certificate programs.Founded in 1851 by the Society of Jesus as “Santa Clara College,” the university was established on the site of the Mission Santa Clara de Asís, the eighth of the original 21 California missions.Originally started as a preparatory school, the college began to offer courses of collegiate rank from 1853. The college experienced slow and steady growth during its first 60 years and became a university in 1912, when the schools of engineering and law were added.In 1925, the high school separated from the university, taking the name of Bellarmine College Preparatory, in 1928.For 110 years, Santa Clara had been an all-male school, but in 1961, women were accepted as undergraduates, and Santa Clara became the first coeducational Catholic university in California.With the increase in the size of the faculty and students, the university’s growth led to its becoming the largest building program in school history, building eight residence halls, a student union, and the athletic stadium.To preserve the character and ensure the quality of the university for future generations, the Board of Trustees limited the size of the undergraduate population in the early 1970s. In 1985, the university adopted “Santa Clara University,” as its official name.Today, the 104-acre campus of Santa Clara University houses more than 50 building including 10 residence halls, two libraries, and extensive athletic facilities.Santa Clara University has three centers of distinction – the Ignatian Center for Jesuit Education; the Center for Science, Technology, and Society; and the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics.SCU's graduate programs include degrees in law, business, engineering, counseling psychology, education, and pastoral ministries. The services provided are general career services, specialized law and MBA career services, and convenient on-campus health care through Cowell Health Center.Santa Clara University is accredited regionally by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities.


The History of Santa Clara University in a Nutshell

It was 1851. The original 49er’s Gold Fever was peaking and, in 1850, California had just become a state when the Society of Jesus founded Santa Clara College—now Santa Clara University—on the site of Mission Santa Clara de Asis, established in 1777 as the eighth of California’s 21 Franciscan missions.

Founded under the leadership of Italian missionaries John Nobili and Michael Accolti, it is the only California university that began as a mission. It is further distinguished as California’s oldest operating institution of higher learning.

Initially, the college offered preparatory courses, then added college-level courses in 1853. Enrollment grew after the Civil War, reaching 277 in 1875. It transitioned from college to university—the University of Santa Clara—in 1912. In 1925, its high school became Bellarmine College Preparatory for boys in San Jose.

Then in 1961, more than a century after the university’s founding, women were admitted as undergraduates, making it California’s first co-educational Catholic university. Santa Clara University (SCU) was adopted as its name in 1985.

The town of Santa Clara, which had been incorporated in 1852, became a state-chartered city in 1862. Known informally as “the Mission City,” it grew up around the small, Jesuit-run college destined to become a distinguished university that, today, still adheres to its Jesuit Roman Catholic roots, believing scholarly excellence to be vital to achieving moral excellence.

Today

Santa Clara University, no longer owned by the Society of Jesus, is governed by a Board of Trustees made up of laypersons and Jesuits. About 50 Jesuits teach or serve in administration. Their salaries are paid to the Jesuit community, which contributes part to student financial aid.

SCU has kept enrollment low to maintain small class size and close interaction between the almost 900 full- and part-time faculty and the students. For the 2012 – 2013 academic year, undergraduates—about equally men and women–numbered more than 5,000 and graduate students more than 3,000.

The campus, located downtown on the east side of Santa Clara, comprises more than 50 buildings on 106 acres. The restored adobe brick lodge and adobe wall from 1822 are all that remain of the original mission buildings.

National Recognition

Santa Clara University—as does the Mission City of Santa Clara—continues to distinguish itself.


Scholar Commons

In accord with the mission of Santa Clara University, Santa Clara’s History Department strives to be a community of scholars in which students and faculty engage in vigorous inquiry to study and understand the past. This is the product of both interpretation of what others have written about the past and original scholarship that expands the boundaries of historical knowledge. Because history is what the present says about the past, it is continuously undergoing reinterpretation. Examination of the construction of history is therefore at the base of learning and scholarship within the department.

Through an integrated approach to teaching, learning, and scholarship, students will become informed about their own and other cultures in a global context, will develop broadly reflective and analytic skills, and will prepare themselves to be engaged citizens serving their societies.

Further, the History Department strives to further the goals of the College of Arts and Sciences and the University, especially through service to the University Core and the University Residential Learning Communities.


Contents

Men's sports Women's sports
Baseball Basketball
Basketball Beach volleyball
Cross country Cross country
Golf Golf
Rowing Rowing
Soccer Soccer
Tennis Softball
Track and field † Tennis
Water polo Track and field †
Volleyball
Water polo
† – Track and field includes both indoor and outdoor

Baseball Edit

The Santa Clara University Broncos baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate baseball team that represents the school in NCAA Division I. Santa Clara Baseball competes in the West Coast Conference, of which the Broncos were a charter member. The Broncos play their home games on campus at Stephen Schott Stadium, which opened in 2005. The Broncos and are led by head coach Rusty Filter, who is in his third season.

Having begun play in 1883, Santa Clara is currently in its 134th season of varsity baseball, and has enjoyed a long history of baseball excellence. Santa Clara has won 11 Conference Pennants, and appeared in 12 NCAA Tournaments, including a runner-up finish in the 1962 College World Series. Individually, 34 Broncos have been named All-Americans, and 158 players have been drafted in the MLB Draft, with 48 players making it to the Major Leagues.

Men's basketball Edit

Men's basketball played its first season in 1904. Since then, the men's basketball team has historically been a strong program within the West Coast Conference. The program has produced 13 All-Americans, with their first, Bob Feerick, coming in the 1942 season. The program has produced NBA stars Steve Nash, and Kurt Rambis, as well as college stars Ken Sears and Bob Feerick. The Team has played in the NCAA tournament in 11 different seasons, reaching the 1952 Final Four. The 1992-1993 Santa Clara team, led by future NBA MVP Steve Nash, was one of 6 #15 seeds to defeat a #2 seed in the NCAA Tournament.

On February 12, 2007, the men's basketball team snapped Gonzaga's 50-game home winning streak. At the time, it was the longest ongoing home winning streak in the NCAA.

The Broncos are led by head coach Herb Sendek, a coach of the year in three different conferences, who is in his fourth season.

Women's basketball Edit

Women's basketball played its first season in 1963. Since then, the women's basketball team has historically been a strong program within the West Coast Conference. The Women's Basketball team won the WNIT in 1991. The 2012–13 Santa Clara Broncos women's basketball team was another notable team. Head Coach JR Payne signed a contract with the Santa Clara Bronco in the 2014 season. Finishing with a record of 10–20 during the season of 2014–15, the Broncos came out with an outstanding record of 23–9 beating Stanford University on November 23, (61–58). [2] Coach JR Payne accepted a head coaching position at Colorado University at the end of the 2015-16 season. [3] In April 2016 the Broncos hired Bill Carr, who is currently in his fourth season as head coach. [4]

Men's soccer Edit

The men's soccer team is one of the nation's elite teams having since 2006 been among the top eight programs of the NCAA for developing professional players overall. The men's soccer team has reached the championship match of the College Cup three times. In 1989, they faced the University of Virginia both teams were declared co-champions after the game ended in a 1–1 tie. In 1991, they again faced Virginia and again tied after regulation, this time 0-0, but lost on penalty kicks. In 1999, they lost to Indiana University, 0–1. The men's soccer team is led by coach Cameron Rast, who is in his 19th season at Santa Clara.

Women's soccer Edit

The women's soccer team is one of the nation's elite programs in the NCAA consistently ranking among the top ten teams nationally with twenty consecutive years in the Top 10. The program won the national title in the 2001 NCAA Women's Soccer Championship, beating University of North Carolina 1–0, and again in the 2020 NCAA Championship, defeating Florida State 4–1 on penalties. The team was mentioned several times in the film Bend It Like Beckham.

The team has had over 40 players in play in the top professional leagues in the country: Women's Professional Soccer and National Women's Soccer League. The team's most famous player is Brandi Chastain who took the Broncos to two NCAA Final Four appearances in 1989 and 1990. She would later be on the American Olympic team that won the gold medal in 1996 and the American World Cup teams that won in 1991 and 1999. Her husband Jerry Smith is the coach of the Santa Clara women's team, currently in his 35th season at the helm. Other notable players include Olympian Aly Wagner as well as 2015 and 2019 Women's World Cup champion Julie Ertz.

Football Edit

Santa Clara University fielded an intercollegiate football team from 1896 to 1992. The Broncos were the first team to play the Cal Bears in Memorial Stadium. In Santa Clara's football heyday, they drew crowds of up to 60,000 to Kezar Stadium in San Francisco, where they played home games. The Broncos competed favorably on a national scale, winning the 1937 and 1938 Sugar Bowls (both against Louisiana State) and the 1950 Orange Bowl against Paul "Bear" Bryant's Kentucky Wildcats, 21–13.

Combatting increased costs, rising enrollments at public universities and the advent of professional football, Santa Clara dropped football in 1952. The team was reinstated in 1959. It competed favorably at the college division (later Division II) level until football was once again discontinued in 1992, due to new NCAA regulations which mandated all sports be played at the same level at each university. Santa Clara had fielded all Division I teams with the exception of the Division II football team, and elected not to field a team at the Division I-AA level.

There is no indication football will return to the school in the future, although rumors of the return of Bronco football have not been put to rest. Advocates for the reinstatement of the football program argue that major collegiate football will generate enormous media buzz surrounding the small university.


Santa Clara University

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Santa Clara University, private coeducational institution of higher learning in Santa Clara, California, U.S., affiliated with the Jesuit order of the Roman Catholic church. It offers a variety of undergraduate programs as well as graduate and professional degrees in law, business, engineering, education, counseling psychology, and pastoral ministries. The College of Arts and Sciences, the largest academic division, manages more than 30 majors through 17 departments. Facilities include the High Tech Law Institute and the Competitive Manufacturing Institute. Total enrollment is approximately 8,000.

Santa Clara University is the oldest institution of higher education in California. The school was founded on the site of the Santa Clara de Asís mission, originally established by Franciscans in 1777. Spanish-style buildings dominate campus architecture. The Adobe Lodge, built in 1822 and restored in 1981, is the oldest building on campus. Mission properties were secularized in 1836, and by midcentury increased migration to California had provided impetus for creating a school. Jesuit priests founded Santa Clara College in 1851 it was chartered in 1855, and the first bachelor’s degree was granted in 1857. In 1912 Santa Clara was elevated to university status. The mission church was destroyed in a fire in 1926, and another was erected in 1928. Women were first admitted in 1961. Notable alumni include former California governor Edmund G. Brown, Jr., and politician Leon Panetta.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager.


History

1985 – Unity 1
Six minority Student Organizations (APSU, CSA, Barkada, Igwebuike-Black Student Union, Ka Mana’o O Hawai’i, And Mecha/El Frente) came together un the name of UNITY to establish the Multicultural Center(MCC). This was caused when the clubs were ordered out of their offices in Dunne Basement and told to apply for cubicles in Benson. These spaces were not big enough. The six organizations wrote a 21 page proposal for the MCC, which opened its doors for the first time in the 1985-1986 school year in Graham Basement.

1991 – Unity 2
Racial Tensions against minority students sparked an open forum hosted by Igwebuike. Although University officials recommended expulsion for the racist students, the forum resulted with feelings against punishment, as it was not viewed as a solution to the problem. Rather, students for the MCC pointed out faults within the University in regards to poor recruitment/retention of faculty, staff, and students of color. Two hundred fifty students rallied together in November 1991, wearing green armbands to symbolize solidarity. The student of the MCC presented a proposal stressing the need for an adequate facility that was more centrally located. The University held a closed meeting with student leaders of the MCC and Father Locatelli to work on anti-harassment and respect polices. The proposal resulted in the creation of MCC West in Benson Memorial Center.

1999 – Unity 3
University restructuring led to the removal of key support systems for minority students. On June 2, 1999 two hundred fifty students rallied wearing yellow armbands and black shirts to symbolize solidarity. They marched through campus voicing three demands: 1) The University must grant complete and exclusive access to the Shapell Facility to the MCC 2) the University must legitimize the Ethnic Studies Program as a University Department, complete with financial and organizational support. 3) Within both the Academic Advising and Learning Resources Center and the Center for Multicultural Learning, the University must include all functions and positions previously held by Student Resources Center devoted strictly for the need of targeted populations specifically ethnic, disable, gay, lesbian, international students, women, and religious minorities. Students rallied for three day and night until a closed meeting reached an agreement.

  1. MCC was moved from the basement of Grahman to comparable accommodations by Winter 2000 (Shapell).
  2. The Provost commits to supporting the Ethnic Studies Faculty’s efforts to finalize a strategic plan by June 1999. The Vice Provost for Multicultural Education will work closely with the Ethnic Studies Faculty to develop joint faculty appointments with other academic departments. The program may develop into a department provided that it meets the criteria and follows the procedures required to do so. The Vice Provost will work with students to assure their participation in faculty recruitment and curricular design and development.
  3. The services and programs offered by the Drahmann Center, the Center for Multicultural Learning, and the Counseling Center will provide the functions previously offered by the Student Resource Center to meet with the needs to targeted populations.

2004 – See Me T-shirts
A California Proposition stated that no employer could judge someone based on his or her race when hiring someone. In response to this the MCC said that you should see a person’s culture and not just ignore it. Black t-shirts with “see me” printed on them were meant to reject the notion of color-blindness. In a color-blind society, difference is sacrificed in favor of a false sense of social harmony no one person is distinguished from the other. People should acknowledge difference and still be able to live in world based on equality. A variety of faces on the back side of the shirts, ranging from smiling faces in yellow, red, green, beige, and brown mixed with blank expressionless faces in white were meant to illustrate this concept. The blank faces represent the lack of character and personality embodied in a color-blind society. The smiling, colored faces symbolize the acknowledgment of a person’s background without prejudice and racism. Without noting our diverse backgrounds, you do not really know anything about what makes me who I am. Thus, see me.

2004 – Dogears See Me T-Shirt comments
In response to the See Me T-Shirts. As question was posted addressing the Shirts and the controversial question “should SCU make more space for the MCC?” Many Posts on the board were nothing short of scary. The necessity of an MCC was questioned and the MCC motive for awareness were criticized. One posting read “People who are not White are suing these powers they have gained since the days of Martin Luther King to put the white man in a bad position socially. They Enjoy it.”

2005 – Racism on Campus Bias Incident Report
In response to student concerns about the University’s response to bias and hate motivated incidents, spring 2006, Lisa Millora from the Office of Student Life, was asked to convene a group of students and staff to identify ways to improve the reporting of such incidents. As the first meeting, which included student and staff representatives from Affirmative Action, Associated Students, Campus Safety, the Center from Multicultural Learning, Residence Life, and Student Life, the group recommended initiatives for improving the campus climate as it related to bias and hate motivated incidents. Creating an improved reporting protocol and web-Based reporting from were the first steps toward meeting the goals outlined.

2007 – Theme Party
January 29, 2007 Students of Santa Clara University, including student-athletes, portraying Latino stereotypes at an off-campus birthday party. Photographs from the “South of the Boarder” party were discovered by a member of the Multicultural Center, who then pass them on to Bernice Aguas, director of the MCC. The Pictures were posted on Facebook. Among the students at the party were at least five members of the women’s volleyball team, at least one member of the men’s basketball team and at least one member of the men’s golf team, according to the pictures from the party. The party’s host, also an athlete, was half-Mexican. MEChA and La Communidad Latina both held special meetings to address the issue, while the MCC organized a silent march to Father Locatelli’s State of the University. At least 250 students, faculty members and administrators of many ethnicities gathered in support and walked through campus behind a banner that read, “In unity there is strength.” Supporters wore orange armbands and orange ribbons representing anti-racism. “It’s not a particular party, nor a particular person, but addressing the whole issue of having theme parties that reinforce negative stereotypes,” Aguas said.

2007-2008 Bias Incident Reports active within SCU.

2015 – Unity 4

In response to racist incidents on campus, primarily occurring on social media platforms such as Yik-Yak, a group of dedicated students gathered to create a proposal aimed at increasing and maintaining all types of diversity at SCU. The proposal, which includes changes in SCU’s academic curriculum, required diversity related programming for all students, and demands for a more racially diverse faculty and student body, was divided into four major categories. These categories include Academics, Student and Residence Life, Transparency, and Recruitment and Orientation. Because racism on campus is a multifaceted issue which must be approached from multiple angles, the Unity IV demands aim to cover the depth and breadth of racial issues on campus. In the Spring Quarter of 2015, these demands were presented to the President and several staff members on campus. They are currently in the process of being re-worked as needed and implemented.


The first documented inhabitants included the Ohlone, residing on Coyote Creek and Calaveras Creek, although Santa Clara Valley undoubtedly had known earlier Indian inhabitants and migrations, now lost to history and prehistory. Archaeological discoveries place Ohlone settlements in the region as early as 8000 BC. Sometime around 4000 years ago, according to anthropologists, the ancestral Ohlone, along with the culturally interrelated people of the greater Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta region, developed a system of social ranking and institutional religions. Within the greater San Francisco Bay region, people of social prominence were interred in what has become known as the "shellmounds". [1]

The European presence in the region began with the Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, The arrival of the Spanish started when Russian exploration into California alarmed the Spanish viceroy in Mexico City. The Russians had settled Alaska and were exploring the West Coast for trading posts within striking distance of the rich Spanish mines. They were a presence at Fort Ross in Northern California from 1812–1841. José de Gálvez, the visitor-general of New Spain, wanted to increase New Spain's territory for the Spanish crown. He sent the Spanish forward into Alta California (present day California). Encountering the native Ohlone people, the Spanish gave them the name of Costeños, or People of the Coast. José Francisco Ortega gave Santa Clara the name "Llano de los Robles" ("Plain of the Oaks") in 1769 as he scouted the region on the behalf of Captain Gaspar de Portolà. [1]

Father Junípero Serra also came into present-day California, establishing a chain of Franciscan missions. It was in 1777 that Father Serra gave Santa Clara Valley its lasting name when he consecrated the Mission Santa Clara de Asís, which is named for Saint Clare of Assisi, Italy. The name "Clare" or "Clara" means "clear" or "bright." The 8th of the 21 established missions, Mission Santa Clara de Asís claimed land from San Francisquito Creek in present-day Palo Alto to Llagas Creek at Gilroy. [1]

San Jose was California's first town. On November 29, 1777, on orders from the Spanish viceroy of Mexico, nine soldiers, five pobladores (settlers) with their families, and one cowboy were detailed to found the Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe, named in honor of St. Joseph. The already existing Spanish Catholic missions were not pleased with this, but could do nothing to stop it. By 1825, Mission Santa Clara offered rest for the travelers from Monterey and San Francisco. Although Mexico broke with the Spanish crown in 1821, it was not until May 10, 1825, that San Jose acknowledged Mexican rule. The Mexican government soon began selling off church lands in a process known as "secularization." Although originally intended to return church lands to the native population, this practice soon entailed a selling of church lands to the highest bidders. By 1839 only 300 Indians remained at the Mission Santa Clara. The time of the Californios, the rural land owning gentlemen, was short lived in California, however. American immigrants began arriving in California, followed by the Mexican–American War. [1]

On May 13, 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico. Captain Thomas Fallon, leading 19 men, entered San Jose on July 14, 1846, and raised the United States flag over the town hall. San Jose consisted of a small town of Spanish Californians, Mexicans, Peruvians, Chileans, and Indians. After the completion of the Mexican–American War, in 1848, California, along with most of the western states, was added to the United States, first as a territory, but later as a state on September 9, 1850. In addition to the change of government, the California Gold Rush altered Santa Clara's political landscape. Suddenly swarms of immigrants arrived in California, looking to strike quick fortunes. The Gold Rush changed San Jose, which became a supply city for the numerous miners arriving in California. Many residents, alarmed by the arrival of so many Americans into the valley, fled to Mission Santa Clara. The Catholic bishop of California took an interest in the location, and by 1851 the Jesuits had set up the first college in the new state: Santa Clara University, on the rebuilt site of the old mission. [1]

San Jose became the first capital of the state of California and the first California State Legislature convened there on December 15, 1849. Santa Clara County was one of the original counties of California, formed at the time of statehood. Other towns began to spring up in Santa Clara County after the gold rush. In 1852 Santa Clara became a town with duly elected trustees. The city of Mountain View is reported to have received its name when Jacob Shumway, a storekeeper, looked across the valley eastward and poetically named the place where he was standing "Mountain View." In September 1855 a small town, originally named McCarthysville, but later named Saratoga, came into existence 12 miles (19 km) west of San Jose at the base of the Santa Cruz Mountains. Saratoga became famous for its wine and spa, while Cupertino, which possessed a post office by 1882 and named after the original Spanish name for Stevens Creek, Arroyo de San Josè Cupertino, was famous for horse breeding. Los Gatos was formed from land originally owned by the British vice-consul to Mexican California, James Alexander Forbes. When Forbes went bankrupt, many pioneer lumbermen came down to the banks of Los Gatos creek and established the nucleus of the town. Gilroy, in the southern part of the county, was named after Scottish settler John Gilroy, who wed Maria Clara, granddaughter of the man who claimed San Francisco for Spain in 1769. [1]

In 1849 Martin Murphy, Jr. controlled six [ which? ] of Santa Clara's largest ranchos. After Murphy's death real estate developer W. E. Crossman purchased 200 acres (0.81 km 2 ) of orchard land, which eventually became Sunnyvale in 1901. Palo Alto's original townsite was laid out in 1888 from land owned by Rafael Soto. It was here in the 1890s that California Senator Leland Stanford established the Leland Stanford Junior University in Palo Alto. The railroads soon followed the establishment of Palo Alto and the university. Paul Shoup, a Southern Pacific executive, spotted a good site for a township and organized the Altos Land Company. By 1908, the railroad began service and Los Altos filled up with buyers. [1]

Economic growth Edit

Santa Clara County was linked to the world by the railroads and agricultural success in the Santa Clara Valley was fostered by access to distant markets that the railroad made possible. This, combined with the discovery that artesian well water underlay the whole valley, created the conditions for the sudden wealth to be found in the agricultural business. Santa Clara County was soon producing carrots, almonds, tomatoes, prunes, apricots, plums, walnuts, cherries, and pears for the world market. With the establishment of seed farms in the last half of the 1870s, a new aspect of the agricultural business began. The Ferry-Morse Seed Company, founded by Charles Copeland Morse, became the world's largest flower and vegetable seed producer. [1] [2]

Santa Clara Valley was also experimenting with other sources of income. Oil wells once dotted the valley, and from 1866 until the discovery of other sources in 1880, the county produced nearly all of California's oil. [ dubious – discuss ] Lumber also played a part in the county's economy the town of Santa Clara saw the Pacific Manufacturing Company producing such items as Cyclone windmills and coffins. This company eventually became the largest manufacturer of wood products on the West Coast. Several wineries, such as the Picchetti Brothers Winery and the Paul Masson Mountain Winery were operating, and the area southwest of Cupertino was a winemaking region for years. Santa Clara County, with its farms, orchards and ranches remained largely rural and agricultural until after World War II. [3]

By 1939 San Jose, with a population of 57,651, was the largest canning and dried-fruit packing center in the world, with 18 canneries, 13 dried-fruit packing houses, and 12 fresh-fruit and vegetable shipping firms. San Jose also served as a distribution point for the prune and apricot industry. Already, however, new technologies were developing—San Jose was one of the first California cities to create industries for making all the mechanical equipment for specialized farming. [3]

With the establishment of Stanford University, the changes were beginning which would create Silicon Valley. Palo Alto became, in the early twentieth century, a testing ground for radio equipment, and later the locale for development of continuous-wave transmission powered by arc converters, largely the work of Cyril Frank Elwell. Elwell employed a radio research team that included Lee De Forest, who had invented a three-element vacuum tube in New York. In 1912 this team discovered that the tube could be rigged as an amplifier, which was a major breakthrough for long distance telephone and radio use. Later radar, television and computer systems would benefit from this discovery. By 1912 San Jose was receiving the first regularly scheduled radio broadcasts. Palo Alto was a technical beacon. It was here that the Federal Telegraph Company, created by Elwell, created ocean-spanning networks, which supplied US Naval communications during World War I. [3]

Already in the 1930s the US military saw the strategic advantages of Santa Clara Valley. Admiral William A. Moffett, appointed by President Warren G. Harding on July 25, 1924, as the first Chief of the Naval Bureau of Aeronautics, believed a naval aviation presence on the West Coast necessary for the nation's security. In the 1920s Moffett was fascinated with the lighter than air technology of the dirigibles. Northern California politicians, realizing the opportunities to be created, seized the initiative from San Diego, California, and money was found to purchase the 1,750 acres (7.1 km 2 ) of what would become Moffett Federal Airfield. Two Naval Air Stations were commissioned in the early 1930s to port the two US dirigibles. Hangar #1, built in 1932 and designed to house the USS Macon, remains one of the two largest structures in the United States without internal support. The military presence in the Bay Area in Northern California increased during World War II. On August 9, 1945, the same day the press recorded the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, the San Jose Mercury Herald ran a front-page article under the headline Building Code Aims Listed which stated: "At least 60 percent of the county's wartime influx of people is expected to remain after hostilities cease, giving the county an estimated 210,000 population." [3]

The growth of post World War II suburban development in the valley caused the disappearance of the orchards. Sunnyvale, which in 1939 was described as "a quiet ranchers' trade center," with a population of 3,094, grew to a suburb with a population of over 107,229 by 1990, with a population rise of 10% in one decade (1980–1990). Santa Clara County was, by 2000, home to 1,682,585 and still growing. Santa Clara (1939 population 6,303), Mountain View (1939 population 3,308) and other Santa Clara County cities also grew to many times their 1939 population size. However, vestiges of the old orchards remained, throughout the county, and as late as 1970 San Jose was still classified as partly rural by the United States Census, although the city had a population of 443,950. By 1990 San Jose's population reached 782,248 people, according to the census, and was the 11th most populated city in the nation, surpassing San Francisco in population. [3]

Santa Clara County's growing suburbs can be tied to nationwide trends. The advent of the automobile and larger freeways and highways helped in the creation of suburbs. By the 1920s a cultural reaction against Victorian architecture and the creation of the affordable bungalow also helped this trend, as the middle class could afford homes outside the cities. Already in the 1920s, suburban areas were growing at a faster rate than central cities and after World War II, the suburban population exploded nationwide. During the 1940s, core cities grew by an average of 14 percent while the suburbs grew by 36 percent. Returning World War II veterans, getting married and settling down produced a baby boom unprecedented in American history. Already by 1960 more metropolitan residents lived in the suburbs than in the central city, and by 1990 the majority of all Americans lived in suburban areas. With the shift from an agricultural county to a large suburban one, Santa Clara County was following national trends. Its next move, with the creation of Silicon Valley, would lead national trends in creating the computer revolution, which would sweep the nation and the world. [3]

There are numerous reasons why Silicon Valley came into being. The early collaboration between Stanford professors and nearby industry aided the process. The increasing military presence, which began just before World War II, also contributed to this hi-tech corridor. Certainly America's defense spending during the Cold War Era, when research and development strove to keep abreast of the Soviet Union, helped. In response to Stanford University's financial problems around the mid-century, Professor Fred Terman of Stanford University's Department of Electrical Engineering leased parts of the university to high tech companies for 99 years, a move that is generally considered the start of the computer revolution in Santa Clara County. [3]

In 1953, William Shockley left Bell Labs in a disagreement over the handling of the invention of the transistor. After returning to California Institute of Technology for a short while, in 1956 Shockley moved to Mountain View, California, and created Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory. Unlike many other researchers who used germanium as the semiconductor material, Shockley believed that silicon was the better material for making transistors. Shockley intended to replace the current transistor with a new three-element design (today known as the Shockley diode), but the design was considerably more difficult to build than the "simple" transistor. In 1957, Shockley decided to end research on the silicon transistor. As a result, the "traitorous eight" engineers left the company to form Fairchild Semiconductor. Two of the original employees of Fairchild Semiconductor, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, would go on to found Intel. [4] In 1971, Intel created the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004. The next step in the Silicon Valley revolution occurred in March 1975, when the Homebrew Computer Club in Menlo Park was created by students with an interest in technology and a desire to experiment with building home computers. Steve Wozniak, a founding member, built a home computer from a cheap microprocessor, and showed it to his fellow club members, who included his friend Steve Jobs. Together, in Steve Job's garage in Cupertino, Wozniak and Jobs formed Apple Computer. By 1976 Apple's first personal computer, the Apple I, was being sold. [3]

Even after the collapse of the dot-com bubble in the early 2000s, "about 4,000 IT-related companies located along Highway 101 from San Francisco to San Jose generate approximately $200 billion in IT-related revenue annually" reported Gregory R. Gromov, in The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History. Other technical advances also occurred in the field of biotechnology, a new industry, springing from discoveries of gene splicing and gene cloning at the Bay Area universities. The local four-year colleges and two-year community colleges met the demands for supplying high technology companies with engineers. San Jose State University leads the field in supplying these industries with more engineering graduates than all other colleges combined. [3]

Overall, Santa Clara County's scientific/commercial renaissance has, with justification, been compared to the earlier European Renaissance. The creation of lasers, nuclear magnetic resonance, random access computer storage, disk drives, integrated circuits, personal computers, open-heart surgery, inkjet printers, gene-splicing and other advances in such a short span of time has placed Santa Clara County firmly in history as a unique location whose creative energies have changed the world.

  1. ^ abcdefgh"Early History". Santa Clara County: California's Historic Silicon Valley. National Park Service . Retrieved 2008-01-18 .
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  3. "Charles Copeland Morse House". California's Historic Silicon Valley. National Park Service . Retrieved 2007-03-09 .
  4. ^ abcdefghi
  5. "Economic History". Santa Clara County: California's Historic Silicon Valley. National Park Service . Retrieved 2008-01-18 .
  6. ^Goodheart July 2, 2006

This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.


Edward M. Dowd Art and Art History

The Edward M. Dowd Art and Art History building is a three-story building on Franklin Street across from Alumni Science. This 45,000 square foot facility includes modern studios for students and faculty, technology-rich classrooms, student workspaces and meeting areas. The building features a rotunda on the third floor with an outdoor terrace area. A spacious gallery on the first floor showcases student, faculty, and visiting artists' work. The landscaping includes an outdoor sculpture garden at the corner of Alviso and Franklin Streets.

Project Data

  • School - College of Arts and Science
  • Program - Art and Art History
  • Gross Square Footage - 45,000
  • Completion - June 2016
  • Architect - Form 4
  • Contractor - Devcon Construction Inc.
Construction Photo Slideshow

Weekly photos from several angles on the project are being compiled into a construction slideshow.


Notable other sports

Former football program

Santa Clara University fielded an intercollegiate football team from 1896 to 1992, competing against traditional arch-rivals the University of San Francisco and St. Mary's College, as well as maintaining what were then much more fierce rivalries with Stanford University and the University of California. The Broncos were the first team to play the Cal Bears in Memorial Stadium. In Santa Clara's football heyday, they drew crowds of up to 60,000 to Kezar Stadium in San Francisco, where they played home games. The Broncos competed favorably on a national scale, winning the 1937 and 1938 Sugar Bowls (both against Louisiana State) and the 1950 Orange Bowl against Paul "Bear" Bryant's Kentucky Wildcats, 21-13.

Combatting increased costs, rising enrollments at public universities and the advent of professional football, Santa Clara dropped football in 1952, never to return to national prominence. The team was reinstated in 1959 and competed favorably at the college division (later Division II) level until football was once again discontinued in 1992, due to new NCAA regulations which mandated all sports be played at the same level at each university. Santa Clara had fielded all Division I teams with the exception of the Division II football team, and elected not to field a team at the Division I-AA level.

There is no indication football will return to the school in the future, although rumors of the return of Bronco football have not been put to rest. Advocates for the reinstatement of the football program argue that major collegiate football will generate enormous media buzz surrounding the small university.

Rugby

In 2008, the Santa Clara men's rugby club made it to national playoffs which were held that year in Orem, Utah. They ousted a powerful Western Washington club before falling to eventual division champion Utah Valley State. The Santa Clara University Touring Side (SCUTS) have built upon that success and followed with a strong 2009 campaign. ΐ]

In 2011, the Santa Clara Women's rugby team competed in the USA Rugby Women's College Sevens National Championships.

Other club sports

In 2008, the Santa Clara Paintball Team made it to the final rounds of the NCPA competition in Florida.

The Santa Clara Women's Lacrosse team has made it to nationals multiple years and ended up placing 3rd in the 2011 season.


Watch the video: Santa Claus University (May 2022).


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