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10 Racist Supreme Court Rulings in US History
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10 Racist Supreme Court Rulings in US History

The Supreme Court has issued some fantastic civil rights rulings over the years, but these aren't among them. Here are 10 of the most astonishingly racist Supreme Court rulings in American history, in chronological order. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856) Chicago History Museum / Getty Images When a slave petitioned the U.

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The Kingdom of Mali and the Splendor of Medieval Africa

Because the world has another face Open your eyes --Angelique Kidjo 1 As an amateur medievalist, I have become keenly aware of how the history of Europe in the middle ages is often misunderstood or dismissed by otherwise intelligent, educated individuals. The medieval era of those nations outside of Europe is doubly ignored, first for its disreputable time frame (the "dark ages"), and then for its apparent lack of direct impact on modern western society.
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Objects Made From the Whaling Industry

We all know that men set forth in sailing ships and risked their lives to harpoon whales on the open seas throughout the 1800s. And while Moby Dick and other tales have made whaling stories immortal, people today generally don't appreciate that the whalers were part of a well-organized industry. The ships that set out from ports in New England roamed as far as the Pacific in hunt of specific species of whales.
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African-American History Timeline: 1700 - 1799

Here is a timeline of African-American history in the 18th Century. The 1700s 170​2: The New York Assembly passes a law making it illegal for enslaved African-Americans to testify against whites. The law also prohibits slaves from gathering in groups larger than three in public. 1704: Elias Neau, a French colonist, establishes a school for freed and enslaved African-Americans in New York City.
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American Museum of Natural History (New York, NY)

Visiting the fourth floor of the American Museum of Natural History in New York is a bit like dying and going to dinosaur heaven: there are over 600 complete or near-complete fossils of dinosaurs, pterosaurs, marine reptiles, and primitive mammals on display here (these are just the tip of the prehistoric iceberg, since the museum also maintains a collection of over one million bones, accessible only to qualified scientists).
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The Meaning of Mutually Exclusive in Statistics

In probability two events are said to be mutually exclusive if and only if the events have no shared outcomes. If we consider the events as sets, then we would say that two events are mutually exclusive when their intersection is the empty set. We could denote that events A and B are mutually exclusive by the formula A ∩ B = Ø.
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The Origin and Meaning of the Last Name, "Long"

Long is the 86th most popular surname in the United States with origins in English, Irish, and Chinese. The most common alternate surname spellings include Longe, Lang, Delong, and Laing. Learn about the famous Longs, genealogy resources and the three main plausible origins for the common last name below.
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Fais Gaffe: French Phrase Explained

Expression: Fais gaffe ! Pronunciation: FAY GAFF Meaning: Be careful! Watch out! Literal translation: Make mistake! Register: informal Notes: The French expression fais gaffe is interesting because it means just the opposite of its literal translation. Faire une gaffe means "to make a mistake, to blunder," so you would think that "be careful!
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Chiasmus Figure of Speech

In rhetoric, chiasmus is a verbal pattern (a type of antithesis) in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Essentially the same as antimetabole. Adjective: chiastic . Plural: chiasmus or chiasmi . Note that a chiasmus includes anadiplosis, but not every anadiplosis reverses itself in the manner of a chiasmus.
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Saying 'to' in German - 'Nach' vs. 'Zu'

There are at least half a dozen ways to say "to" in German. But one of the biggest sources of "to" confusion comes from just two prepositions: nach and zu . Fortunately, there are clear distinctions between the two. The preposition nach , except in the idiomatic phrase "nach Hause" ([to] home, homeward), is used exclusively with geographic place names and points of the compass (including left and right).
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Sarah Good Biography

Sarah Good Facts Known for: among the first to be executed in the 1692 Salem witch trials; her newborn died during her confinement and her 4- or 5-year-old daughter, Dorcas, was also among the accused and imprisoned Age at time of Salem witch trials: about 31 Dates: - July 19, 1692 Also known as: Sarah Goode, Goody Good, Sary Good, Sarah Solart, Sarah Poole, Sarah Solart Good Before the Salem Witch Trials Sarah's father was John Solart, an innkeeper who committed suicide in 1672 by drowning himself.
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Divorcio y Residencia Americana

Una de las formas más rápidas y frecuentes de obtener la tarjeta de residencia permanente es mediante el matrimonio, bien sea celebrado en Estados Unidos o en otro país. Pero ¿qué sucede con la green card si la relación termina en divorcio? Es importante resaltar que la residencia solo se verá afectada si el beneficiario obtuvo su estatus migratorio exclusivamente por matrimonio.
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Biography of bell hooks

Bell hooks is a contemporary feminist theorist who deals with issues of race, gender, class, and sexual oppression. Born Gloria Watkins, she took her pen name from her maternal great-grandmother as a way to honor her women ancestors and chose to use lowercase letters to get away from the ego associated with names.
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Classroom Assessment Best Practices and Applications

In its simplest form, classroom assessment is about collecting data, looking for mastery of content, and guiding instruction. These things are more complex than they sound. Teachers will tell you that they are time- consuming, often monotonous, and seemingly neverending. All teachers are required to assess their students, but the good teachers understand that it is more than just assigning grades for a report card.
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Phylum Definition

The word phylum (plural: phyla) is a category used to classify marine organisms. How Are Marine Organisms Classified? There are millions of species on Earth, and only a small percentage of them have been discovered and described. Some organisms have evolved along similar paths, although their relationship to each other isn't always obvious.
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Rising Action in Literature

Have you ever kept reading well into the night because you just couldn't put a book down? The rising action of a plot refers to the events that provoke conflict, build tension, and generate interest. It adds that edge-of-your-seat element that motivates you to keep reading until you reach the story climax.
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Profile of Richard Wade Farley, Mass Murderer

Richard Wade Farley is a mass murderer responsible for the 1988 murders of seven co-workers at the Electromagnetic Systems Labs (ESL) in Sunnyvale, California. What sparked the murders was his relentless stalking of a co-worker. Richard Farley - Background Richard Wade Farley was born on July 25, 1948, at Lackland Air Force Base in Texas.
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Italian Capitalization Rules

In Italian, an initial capital letter ( maiuscolo ) is required in two instances: At the beginning of a phrase or immediately after a period, question mark, or exclamation mark With proper nouns Other than these cases, the use of uppercase letters in Italian depends on factors such as stylistic choices or publishing tradition.
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What Is an Agrarian Society?

An agrarian society focuses its economy primarily on agriculture and the cultivation of large fields. This distinguishes it from the hunter-gatherer society, which produces none of its own food, and the horticultural society, which produces food in small gardens rather than fields. Development of Agrarian Societies The transition from hunter-gatherer societies to agrarian societies is called the Neolithic Revolution and has happened at various times in various parts of the world.
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Estadía Ilegal en Estados Unidos, Perdones y Visas

¿Qué es una estadía ilegal? En primer lugar hay que definir qué se considera como permanencia ilegal en Estados Unidos. Se considera que alguien estuvo de manera ilegal en Estados Unidos si: La persona ingresó al país cruzando la frontera de manera ilegal y sin que un oficial migratorio le diera permiso para ingresar.
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English Language Education in Japan

In Japan, eigo-kyouiku (English-language education) starts the first year of junior high school and continues at least until the third year of high school. Surprisingly, most students are still unable to speak or to comprehend English properly after this time. Reasons for Lack of Comprehension One of the reasons is the instruction focusing on the skill of reading and writing.
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